The Truth About Soda and Acid Erosion on Teeth

Not many things are as eye-catching as a perfect smile; it’s the sign of someone who’s dedicated to a solid oral care routine. But there are some conditions that can ruin it faster than it took to perfect. As a result from years of soda drinking, we recently had a patient develop acid erosion to his teeth. This patient came in for a tooth erosion repair in an attempt to turn back on the clock on years of decay. Acid erosion on teeth from soda is one of those ailments to which everyone should pay attention so they can be sure their brushing and flossing still give them the result they expect.

Acid erosion from sodaSouthview Dentistry patient with acid erosion from years of drinking soda

Enamel acts as the first line of defense for your teeth’s resistance to daily bacteria. By covering the outermost layer of each tooth, it guards against decay. But although enamel is the hardest substance in the human body, it’s not impenetrable. Acid erosion wears your enamel down over time, leaving teeth more susceptible to decay and all sorts of maladies as a result. And once certain tooth enamel is gone, it won’t regenerate.

Case Study 1: Acid Erosion on Teeth from Mountain Dew

SODA MOUTH – These cavities and extensive tooth damage were caused by drinking soda, particularly Mountain Dew. The top image is from before Dr. Kelly and Dr. Micheal fixed his front teeth cavities. You can see the extensive damage to the teeth and receding gums from the acid in the soda. At the Southview Dentistry office, the doctors placed the tooth colored bonding, or composites, to repair the acid erosion. 

Before Acid Erosion Repair on the Top Front 4 Teeth:

acid erosion on teeth case study

After Acid Erosion Repair on the Top Front 4 Teeth:

acid erosion on teeth case study

5 Most Common Causes of Tooth Erosion and How To Prevent Them:

1. Citrus Fruits

Fruits are the perfect sweet treat because they’re packed with vitamins and easy to snack on. According to the American Dental Association (ADA), however, fruits with high citrus levels – such as lemons, limes, grapefruits and oranges – can demineralize your tooth enamel. Eat them in moderation and be sure to drink plenty of plain water as you snack to dilute this acidic effect.

2. Soda

The ADA also cautions against drinking soda. Carbonated soft drinks are loaded with sugar – which plaque uses to erode enamel – and even diet versions are quite acidic. Research by the ADA actually suggests soda consumption erodes enamel in a manner much like illicit drug use. So, similar to citrus fruits, drinking plain water consistently is a good alternative to your morning pop.

3. Acid Reflux

One digestive issue many people deal with is acid reflux. Also known as GERD (gastroesophageal acid reflux disease), acid reflux causes stomach acids to regurgitate into the throat and sometimes the mouth, making contact with the teeth. Avoid foods that stimulate the reflux reaction; tomatoes, spicy foods, chocolate, alcohol and coffee can all upset your system. Keep in mind, you can treat acid reflux with medication. Consult your doctor if you think you suffer from acid reflux and could benefit from a more direct treatment.

4. Pregnancy

Pregnancy is filled with ebbs and flows as the body works to develop a healthy baby. One of these things is morning sickness, where, in addition to the lingering nausea, acid is often left behind in an expecting mother’s mouth. That acid can cause eroded enamel just like acid reflux. Therefore, brush your teeth shortly after an episode of morning sickness to remedy this effect, and drink water during these bouts of sickness for the same reason.

5. Swimming Pools

Cooling off with a dip in the pool is super refreshing on a hot day, but that swim might be wearing away your tooth enamel. If your pool is chlorinated, even correctly, this chlorine can target your teeth as water occasionally gets in your mouth. Although it may be a hassle, check the chlorine and pH levels of the pool before getting in it.

Case Study 2: Acid Erosion on Teeth from Coke

Before Acid Erosion Repair:

acid erosion on teeth case study photo 

acid erosion on teeth case study photo

Top Teeth Worn by Acid Erosion

acid erosion on teeth case study photo

Bottom Teeth Worn by Acid Erosion

You Can Prevent Acid Erosion on Teeth

Tooth enamel is strong, but it won’t stay that way without your help. That starts at home by developing a good oral care routine that you practice diligently. Brush your teeth twice a day and don’t forget to floss. Suffer from GERD or pregnancy nausea? Carry a travel-sized toothbrush and a fluoride toothpaste with you; keep them in your desk at work for times throughout the day when your teeth need some maintenance. And as always, don’t forget to visit your dentist for regular checkups at least twice a year. Here, voice your concerns if you think acid erosion is damaging your teeth.